Environmental pollution Multiple-choice questions and answer for SSC,NEET,BIOLOGY,UPSC,PSC,RAILWAY EXAM,ICSE,CBSE,BOARD EXAM

Environmental pollution Multiple-choice questions and answer :


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Question 1: What does climate change refers to?
A) Short term Weather Patterns
B) Long-term shifts in temperatures and Weather Patterns
C) Changes in Ocean Currents
D) Local variations in precipitation
Explanation: Answer: B) Long-term shifts in temperatures and Weather Patterns.
Question 2: Which of the following is not an atmospheric hazard?
A) Epidemic in Human
B) Hail
C) Heavy Rainfall
D) Hurricanes
Explanation: Answer: A) Epidemic in Human.
Question 3: An Active Volcano Mauna Loa is located in?
A) Hawali,USA
B) Japan
C) Brazil
D) None of the Above
Explanation: A) Hawali,USA.
Question 4: What is the predominant group among all known species on Earth?
A) Mammals
B) Birds
C) Insects
D) Reptiles
Explanation: Answer: C) Insects.
Question 5: How is ecosystem diversity defined?
A) The number of species in a particular ecosystem
B) The interactions between living organisms and their physical environment
C) The study of biological communities
D) The variety of habitats within a biome
Explanation: Answer: B) The interactions between living organisms and their physical environment.
Question 6: Which example best illustrates ecosystem diversity?
A) A collection of various bird species in a forest
B) Different types of fish in a river ecosystem
C) Varieties of plants in a garden
D) A herd of elephants in a savanna
Explanation: Answer: B) Different types of fish in a river ecosystem.
Question 7: What is the largest mammal in the world?
A) Blue whale
B) African elephant
C) Giraffe
D) Lion
Explanation: The blue whale is the largest mammal in the world.
Question 8: The level of harm by a hazard is governed by?
A) Magnitude of the hazard
B) Frequency of the hazard
C) Intensity of the impact point
D) All of the above
Explanation: D) All of the above.
Question 9: Which of the following is not a man-made hazard?
A) Leakage of Toxic waste
B) Wars and Civil Strife
C) Drought
D) Environmental Pollution
Explanation: C) Drought.
Question 10: Volcanic erupted material when inside the hill/earth/mountain it is called?
A) Lava
B) Magma
C) Lahars
D) None of the above
Explanation: B) Magma.
Question 11: What is Ring of Fire?
A) Belts of Volcanoes in the Circum Pacific region
B) Belts of Volcanoes in the mid-continental region
C) Belts of Volcanoes in the mid-atlantic region
D) None of the above
Explanation: A) Belts of Volcanoes in the Circum Pacific region.
Question 12: Which of the following Volcanoes is known for its most destructive volcanic eruption in recorded history?
A) Krakatoa,Indonesia
B) Tambora,Indonesia
C) Mount St Helens
D) Mauna Loa
Explanation: B) Tambora,Indonesia.
Question 13: What are the main drivers of Climate Change since the 1800s?
A) Volcanic Eruptions
B) Changes in the Sun's activity
C) Human activities,Primary Burning Fossil Fuels
D) Natural Green-house Gas emissions
Explanation: C) Human activities,Primary Burning Fossil Fuels.
Question 14: According to climate scientists,who is primarily responsible for Global Heating over the last 200 years?
A) Animals
B) Plants
C) Humans
D) Bacteria
Explanation: C) Humans.
Question 15: By how much is the Earth's surface warmer now compared to the late 1800s?
A) 0.5 degree celcious
B) 1.2 degree celcious
C) 2.5 degree celcious
D) 4.5 degree celcious
Explanation: B) 1.2 degree celcious.
Question 16: Which decade was the warmest on record?
A) 1991-2000
B) 2001-2010
C) 2011-2020
D) 1981-1990
Explanation: C) 2011-2020.
Question 17: Which sectors are among the main contributors to Greenhouse Gas Emissions?
A) Energy,Industry,Transport,Building,Agriculture,and land use
B) Health,Education,Tourism,Finance,and Technology
C) Retail,Entertainment,Fashion,Telecommunications, and Sports
D) Media,Arts,Construction,Hospitality,and Mining
Explanation: A) Energy,Industry,Transport,Building,Agriculture,and land use.
Question 18 Where do Carbon dioxide emissions primarily come from?
A) Volcanic eruptions
B) Burning of Fossil fuels like coal,oil,natural gas
C) Deforestation
D) Ocean currents
Explanation: B) Burning of Fossil fuels like coal,oil,natural gas.
Question 19: Which Green-house Gas acts like a blanket around the Earth?
A) Nitrogen
B) Oxygen
C) Carbon dioxide
D) Hydrogen
Explanation: C) Carbon dioxide.
Question 20: What is the major source of methane emissions?
A) Agriculture
B) Volcanic Eruptions
C) Deforestation
D) Ocean Warming
Explanation: A) Agriculture

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